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Frequently Asked Legal Questions

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4628 views   |   10   |   Last updated on Apr 28, 2022    Landlord/Tenant Law

This is a question we receive frequently as temperatures soar with the summer heat. State law does not specifically give tenants a right to be provided with air conditioning, but if yours breaks, you may have protections under your lease, local ordinances, or a section of state law requiring a landlord to fix a problem that “materially affects the health or safety of an ordinary tenant.”

To find out whether your landlord has a legal duty to repair your A/C unit, there are a few steps you could take.

If you have a written lease agreement, it may specify whether the air conditioning is a feature of the rental that the landlord agrees to maintain and keep in working order. The lease might also have a clause saying that appliance repair is the responsibility of the tenant! If you need help understanding your lease, consider using where you can upload a copy of the lease so that a volunteer attorney can review it and respond to your question.

Your city or county may have enacted ordinances that provide protections to tenants when it comes to the temperature inside a living space. For example, Dallas and Houston have city ordinances that require property owners to provide and maintain equipment that cools habitable spaces to a certain extent. (Note that in Houston, this is only required if door and window screens are not provided.) Many cities make their ordinances available online.

Section 92.052 of the Texas Property Code requires a landlord to “repair or remedy a condition” that “materially affects the physical health or safety of an ordinary tenant.” The law does not give specific examples of issues that materially affect the health and safety of an ordinary tenant, but if you believe that the extreme heat in your rental unit would endanger an ordinary person, this law may allow you to ask your landlord for repairs. In order to request repairs under this section: 

  • The tenant cannot be behind on rent; and
  • The problem cannot be due to the actions of a tenant or their family or guests unless it was a result of normal wear and tear.

This law would not require a landlord to provide you with air conditioning if you didn't have it before, but it might require them to fix a broken unit if the lease did not say otherwise. 

Section 92.056 of the Texas Property Code has very specific procedures for how you must notify your landlord of the problem that needs to be repaired. The Austin Tenants' Council has created a page about Repair Rights with thorough instructions for requesting repairs under this law. They also offer a free Self-Help Repair Kit [PDF] with form letters and instructions that you can use to notify your landlord.

Before withholding rent, deducting repairs from your rent, or ending your lease, please be sure you follow the steps exactly or you may be liable to your landlord. Speaking with an attorney for advice is also recommended.

Please see's article on a tenant's right to repairs for more information. Texas Tenant Advisor also has an article on a landlord's duty to repair. The library also has more information about landlord/tenant law on our research guide to Texas landlord/tenant law.

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